Jade is the name of two different types of minerals, named jadeite and nephrite. Jadeite measures a hardness of 6.5-7 on the Moh’s scale whilst nephrite measures 6 -6.5. This makes it the softer of the two minerals, and more prone to scratches. Jadeite, although slightly tougher, is more prone to chipping.
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Nephrite jade can vary from a beautiful, rich green colour to a light, milky greenish white. It is a highly revered gemstone in China, where it has long been used as a material for intricate carvings. Nephrite is made up of very dense mineral fibres, each interlocking to make up its structure. On the other hand, jadeite gemstones can be white, several shades of green, yellow-green, brown, red, orange, violet, grey and black. They are also made up of microscopic crystals packed closely together. Jade holds different meanings according to different cultures. The historic Chinese translation was “yu” meaning “imperial” or “heavenly”. This gave jade gemstones a highly regarded status so it was often buried with the Shang Kings. The Spanish origins of jade are derived from “piedra de ijada” which translates to “stone for pain in the side”. In ancient Latin America, people viewed jade as a healing stone for protection against kidney disease. Jade is usually polished into cabochons. Green nephrites are popular for making Jade jewellery pendants, jade bracelets, and drop earrings. Our jade gemstones are available in oval and round shapes, in sizes 7mm and 8mm. Are you looking for jewellery-making ideas?? Check out our Facebook page and blogs where you will find out how to make the best jewellery possible. Our advisors are experts in jewellery making and will be on hand to answer all your questions should you need any technical advice or just some inspiration on how to use jade stone in your designs.
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